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Marine Sciences Division

Valerie Cullinan

Valerie Cullinan

Marine Sciences Laboratory
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
1529 West Sequim Bay Road
Sequim, Washington 98382

Biography

Dr. Cullinan, statistician for the Marine Sciences Laboratory, has over 30 years of experience in the statistical design, analysis, and interpretation of results from multidisciplinary experimental research. This research has focused on marine and freshwater environmental issues (dredged material disposal, environmental assessments, shellfish and fisheries studies, chemical and toxicity testing, and protocol development); wildlife management; agricultural systems; and terrestrial ecosystems. Her specialty is the development of statistically efficient sampling designs to detect ecological change at landscape levels of spatial heterogeneity. Such designs have related to data collected from ground-based field sampling, aerial photography, and satellite imagery. She has critically reviewed quantitative methodology in landscape ecology and has been an invited participant in workshops identifying issues and developing techniques in the analysis of landscape data over a wide range of scales. Dr. Cullinan has been a reviewer for the journals Landscape Ecology, Ecological Applications, North American Journal of Fisheries Management, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, and Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics.

Research Interests

  • The integration of toxicity data with the physical and chemical characteristics of the study area, benthic community and fisheries impacts to assess the environmental risk associated with human activities on natural resources
  • Development of a cost-effective data fusion methodology to map and communicate the spatial distribution and extent of selected landscape indicators
  • Development and extension of existing theory to quantitatively characterize ecological scale, spatial variability, and habitat criteria to predict ecological change and prioritize management activities including restoration, mitigation and impact reduction
  • The statistical design and analysis of protocol development to evaluate acute and chronic screening assays
  • Modeling the fate and effects of chemical and biological contaminants through the environment and the associated effects on population dynamics

Education and Credentials

  • Post-graduate, University of Washington and PNNL, Battelle Marine Sciences Laboratory, Sequim, Washington. 1987-1989
  • Ph.D., Biometry, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 1988
  • M.S., Biometry, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 1984
  • B.S., Zoology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 1980

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Huesemann M.H., P. Williams, S.J. Edmundson, P.H. Chen, R. Kruk, V.I. Cullinan, and B. Crowe, et al. 2017. "The Laboratory Environmental Algae Pond Simulator (LEAPS) Photobioreactor: Validation Using Outdoor Pond Cultures of Chlorella sorokiniana and Nannochloropsis salina." Algal Research 26. PNNL-SA-123118. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.06.017
  • Huesemann M.H., T. Dale, A.R. Chavis, B.J. Crowe, S. Twary, A. Barry, and D.C. Valentine, et al. 2017. "Simulation of outdoor pond cultures using indoor LED-lighted and temperature-controlled raceway ponds and Phenometrics photobioreactors." Algal Research 21. PNNL-SA-117542. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2016.11.016
  • Matzner S., R.E. Hull, G. Harker-Klimes, and V.I. Cullinan. 2017. "Studying fish near ocean energy devices using underwater video." In OCEANS 2017 MTS/IEEE, September 18-28, 2017, Ancorage, Alaska, 1-7. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-127299.

2016

  • Diefenderfer H.L., A.B. Borde, I.A. Sinks, V.I. Cullinan, and S.A. Zimmerman. 2016. Columbia Estuary Ecosystem Restoration Program: Restoration Design Challenges for Topographic Mounds, Channel Outlets, and Reed Canarygrass. PNNL-24676. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Tagestad J.D., M.L. Brooks, V.I. Cullinan, J.L. Downs, and R. McKinley. 2016. "Precipitation regime classification for the Mojave Desert: Implications for Fire Occurrence." Journal of Arid Environments 124. PNNL-SA-107574. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2015.09.002

2015

  • Cullinan V.I., S. Matzner, and C.A. Duberstein. 2015. "Classification of Birds and Bats Using Flight Tracks." Journal of Field Ornithology 27. PNNL-SA-105515. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2015.03.004
  • Matzner S., V.I. Cullinan, and C.A. Duberstein. 2015. "Two-dimensional thermal video analysis of offshore bird and bat flight." Ecological Informatics 30. PNNL-SA-109185. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2015.09.001

2014

  • Bellgraph B.J., K.M. Carter, M.A. Chamness, T.K. Abel, T.J. Linley, and V.I. Cullinan. 2014. "Predation Susceptibility of Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon Exposed to Sudden Temperature Changes and Slightly Supersaturated Dissolved Gas." In Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon Life History Investigations, 1/1/2012 - 12/31/2012 Annual Report, edited by KF Tiffan, et al. 61-90. Pasco, Washington:Bonneville Power Administration. PNNL-SA-96230.

2013

  • Diefenderfer H.L., A.B. Borde, and V.I. Cullinan. 2013. A Synthesis of Environmental and Plant Community Data for Tidal Wetland Restoration Planning in the Lower Columbia River and Estuary. PNNL-22667. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Geist D.R., T.J. Linley, V.I. Cullinan, and Z. Deng. 2013. "The effects of total dissolved gas on chum salmon fry survival, growth, gas bubble disease, and seawater tolerance." North American Journal of Fisheries Management 33, no. 1:200-215. PNNL-SA-88149. doi:10.1080/02755947.2012.750634
  • Woodruff D.L., V.I. Cullinan, A.E. Copping, and K.E. Marshall. 2013. Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates Task 2.1.3: Effects on Aquatic Organisms Fiscal Year 2012 Progress Report Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy. PNNL-22154. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2012

  • Borde A.B., R.M. Kaufmann, V.I. Cullinan, S.A. Zimmerman, R.M. Thom, and C.L. Wright. 2012. Lower Columbia River and Estuary Habitat Monitoring Study, 2011 - Final Report. PNNL-21128. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Borde A.B., V.I. Cullinan, H.L. Diefenderfer, R.M. Thom, R.M. Kaufmann, S.A. Zimmerman, and J. Sagar, et al. 2012. Lower Columbia River and Estuary Ecosystem Restoration Program Reference Site Study: 2011 Restoration Analysis - FINAL REPORT. PNNL-21433. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Duberstein C.A., S. Matzner, V.I. Cullinan, D.J. Virden, J.R. Myers, and A.R. Maxwell. 2012. Automated Thermal Image Processing for Detection and Classification of Birds and Bats - FY2012 Annual Report. PNNL-21911. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Louchouarn P., L. Kuo, J.M. Brandenberger, F. Marcantonio, C.R. Garland, G.A. Gill, and V.I. Cullinan. 2012. "Pyrogenic inputs of anthropogenic Pb and Hg to sediments of the Hood Canal, Washington, in the 20th century: Source evidence from stable Pb isotopes and PAH signatures." Environmental Science & Technology 46, no. 11:5772-5781. PNWD-SA-9844. doi:10.1021/es300269t
  • Vavrinec J., A.B. Borde, D.L. Woodruff, J.M. Brandenberger, R.M. Thom, C.L. Wright, and V.I. Cullinan. 2012. Annual Adaptive Management Report for Compensatory Mitigation at Keyport Lagoon: Mitigation of Pier B Development at the Bremerton Naval Facilities - Compensatory Mitigation at Keyport Lagoon - Naval Underwater Warfare Center Division - Keyport, Washington. PNNL-21147 Draft. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Woodruff D.L., I.R. Schultz, K.E. Marshall, J.A. Ward, and V.I. Cullinan. 2012. Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates: Task 2.1.3: Effects on Aquatic Organisms - Fiscal Year 2011 Progress Report - Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy. PNNL-20813 Final. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2011

  • Geist D.R., Z. Deng, R.P. Mueller, V.I. Cullinan, S.R. Brink, and J.A. Chandler. 2011. "The effect of fluctuating temperatures and ration levels on the growth of juvenile Snake River fall Chinook salmon." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140, no. 1:190-200. PNWD-SA-8841.

2010

  • Brandenberger J.M., P. Louchouarn, L. Kuo, E.A. Crecelius, V.I. Cullinan, G.A. Gill, and C.R. Garland, et al. 2010. Control of Toxic Chemicals in Puget Sound, Phase 3: Study of Atmospheric Deposition of Air Toxics to the Surface of Puget Sound. PNNL-19533. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2009

  • Arntzen E.V., K.D. Hand, K.M. Carter, D.R. Geist, K.J. Murray, E.M. Dawley, and V.I. Cullinan, et al. 2009. Total Dissolved Gas Effects on Incubating Chum Salmon Below Bonneville Dam. PNNL-18081. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Barnett J.M., V.I. Cullinan, D.S. Barnett, T.L. Trang-Le, M. Bliss, L.R. Greenwood, and M.Y. Ballinger. 2009. "Results of a Self-Absorption Study on the Versapor 3000 47-mm Filters for Radioactive Particulate Air Stack Sampling." Health Physics 97, no. (5), supplement:S161-S168. PNNL-SA-69112.
  • Barnett J.M., V.I. Cullinan, D.S. Barnett, T.L. Trang-Le, M. Bliss, L.R. Greenwood, and M.Y. Ballinger. 2009. Results of Self-Absorption Study on the Versapor 3000 Filters for Radioactive Particulate Air Sampling. PNNL-SA-62011 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Huesemann M.H., T.S. Hausmann, T.J. Fortman, R.M. Thom, and V.I. Cullinan. 2009. "In-situ Phytoremediation of PAH and PCB Contaminated Marine Sediments with Eelgrass (Zostera marina)." Ecological Engineering 35, no. 10:1395-1404. PNNL-SA-61742.

2008

  • Arntzen E.V., K.D. Hand, D.R. Geist, K.J. Murray, J. Panther, V.I. Cullinan, and E.M. Dawley, et al. 2008. Effects of Total Dissolved Gas on Chum Salmon Fry Incubating in the Lower Columbia River. PNNL-17132. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Mueller R.P., S.S. Southard, C.W. May, W.H. Pearson, and V.I. Cullinan. 2008. "Juvenile Coho Salmon Leaping Ability and Behavior in an Experimental Culvert Test Bed." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137, no. 4:941-950. PNWD-SA-7768. doi:10.1577/T06-244.1

2007

  • Brandenberger J.M., C.W. May, V.I. Cullinan, R.K. Johnston, D.E. Leisle, B. Beckwith, and G. Sherrell, et al. 2007. "Contaminant Concentrations in Storm Water Entering the Sinclair/Dyes Inlet Subasin of the Puget Sound, USA, During Storm Event and Baseflow Conditions." In 2007 Georgia Basin Puget Sound Research Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, March 26-29, 2007, 9 pages. Olympia, Washington:Puget Sound Action Team. PNNL-SA-55447.
  • Cullinan V.I., C.W. May, J.M. Brandenberger, C. Judd, and R.K. Johnston. 2007. "Development of An Empirical Water Quality Model for Stormwater Based on Watershed Land Use in Puget Sound." In 2007 Georgia Basin Puget Sound Research Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, March 26-29, 2007, 8 pages. Olympia, Washington:Puget Sound Action Team. PNNL-SA-55324.
  • Driver C.J., D.L. Strenge, Y. Su, V.I. Cullinan, R.S. Herrington, D.L. Saunders, and L.E. Rogers. 2007. Methods for Assessing the Impact of Fog Oil Smoke on Availability, Palatability, & Food Quality of Relevant Life Stages of Insects for Threatened and Endangered Species. PNNL-16534. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Woodruff D.L., N.P. Kohn, V.I. Cullinan, S.S. Southard, and J. Vavrinec. 2007. Fourth Annual Report: 2007 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation. PNNL-15678-4. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Woodruff D.L., S.S. Southard, V.I. Cullinan, N.P. Kohn, M.G. Anderson, and J. Vavrinec. 2007. Third Annual Report: 2006 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation. PNNL-15678-3. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2006

  • Geist D.R., C.S. Abernethy, K.D. Hand, V.I. Cullinan, J.A. Chandler, and P. Groves. 2006. "Survival, development, and growth of fall Chinook salmon embryos, alevin, and fry exposed to variable thermal and dissolved oxygen regimes." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135, no. 6:1462-1477. PNWD-SA-7229.
  • Geist D.R., C.S. Abernethy, K.D. Hand, V.I. Cullinan, J.A. Chandler, and P. Groves. 2006. "Survival, development, and growth of Snake River fall Chinook salmon Embryos, Alevins, and Fry Exposed to Variable Thermal and Dissolved Oxygen Regimes." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135, no. 6:1462-1477. PNWD-SA-7223. doi:10.1577/T05-294.1

2005

  • Geist D.R., R.S. Brown, V.I. Cullinan, S.R. Brink, K.B. Lepla, P. Bates, and J.A. Chandler. 2005. "Movement, swimming speed, and oxygen consumption of juvenile white sturgeon in response to changing flows, water temperatures, and light level in the Snake River, Idaho." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134, no. 4:803-816. PNWD-SA-6560.
  • May C.W., and V.I. Cullinan. 2005. An Analysis of Microbial Pollution in the Sinclair-Dyes Inlet Watershed. PNNL-15373. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2003

  • Geist D.R., R.S. Brown, V.I. Cullinan, M.G. Mesa, S.P. VanderKooi, and C.A. McKinstry. 2003. "Relationships Between Metabolic Rate, Muscle Electromyograms and Swim Performance of Adult Chinook Salmon." Journal of Fish Biology 63, no. 4:970-989. PNNL-SA-37165.
  • Geist D.R., R.S. Brown, V.I. Cullinan, M.G. Mesa, S.P. VanderKooi, and C.A. McKinstry. 2003. "Relationships between metabolic rate, muscle electromyograms, and swim performance of adult chinook salmon." Journal of Fish Biology 63, no. 4:970-989. PNNL-SA-39189.

2000

  • Geist D.R., C.S. Abernethy, S.L. Blanton, and V.I. Cullinan. 2000. "The use of electromyogram telemetry to estimate energy expenditure of adult fall chinook salmon." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 129, no. 1:126-135. PNNL-SA-27849.
  • Petrie G.M., V.I. Cullinan, L.L. Cadwell, J.L. Downs, E.M. Perry, and J. Turner. 2000. "Integration of Hyperspectral Data for Rangeland Characterization." In International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (IAPRS), 33, 1142-1148. Stuttgardt:ISPRS. PNNL-SA-32954.

1999

  • Crecelius E.A., L.F. Lefkovitz, and V.I. Cullinan. 1999. "The Sound is Cleaner: A Century of Contaminant Trends Observed from Dated Cores." In Oceans'99 MTS/IEEE Proceedings. Riding the Crest into the 21st Century., 3, 1381-1394. Piscataway, New Jersey:Oceans '99 MTS/IEEE Conference Committee. PNNL-SA-4638.

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