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Marine Sciences Division

Nancy Kohn

Marine Sciences Laboratory
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
1529 West Sequim Bay Road
Sequim, Washington 98382

Biography

Ms. Kohn is a senior scientist in the Ecotoxicology and Marine Biotechnology Group at the Marine Sciences Laboratory in Sequim, Washington. Most recently, Ms. Kohn has been involved in both the technical and management aspects of large, multidisciplinary environmental reviews for new nuclear power plants and a geologic carbon sequestration project. As deputy team leader for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s environmental review for two new reactors at the V. C. Summer site in South Carolina, Ms. Kohn led a team of thirteen PNNL subject matter experts through development of an environmental impact statement from the early scoping stages though publication of draft and final EIS documents, culminating in presenting the results of the review at a hearing before the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Her technical contributions to these environmental reviews are in the area of water resources and aquatic ecology impacts; she also participates in NRC program-level teams to facilitate comment-response, reference management, and publication processes. Ms. Kohn’s research experience includes water and sediment quality assessments, primarily in marine and estuarine environments (sediment sampling and characterization, benthic and water-column toxicology and benthic bioaccumulation). Ms. Kohn has been involved in a number of sediment evaluation and risk assessments for various ports and harbors and several coastal Superfund sites. Ms. Kohn has added research experience in marine resources using a dredge impact model for estimating loss of recruits to the Dungeness crab population and commercial fishery, estimating entrainment of fish by hopper dredges, reporting hydroacoustic survey results and assisting with eelgrass surveys. She has also helped investigate applying remote sensing techniques and tools to estuarine water quality and a combined ecological/physical conceptual model basis for evaluation of coastal security.

Research Interests

  • Environmental Impacts of Constructing and Operating New Nuclear Reactors: Since 2008, Ms. Kohn has been involved in the multidisciplinary New Reactor Licensing Review program for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. She has contributed to Environmental Impact Statements for six new reactor projects, primarily in the areas of water use, water quality, and aquatic resource impacts. She also characterizes the various nuclear plant structures and support facilities, and the activities required to build and operate them, to identify environmental interfaces where impacts would occur. In addition to technical contributions to new reactor environmental reviews, Ms. Kohn is involved in management (as deputy team lead for the V.C. Summer review) and infrastructure enhancements for the New Reactor Licensing Review program.
  • Impact of Dredging Operations at the Mouth of the Columbia River: Ms. Kohn participated in a number of studies for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, to assess various impacts of dredging and disposal on aquatic resources. Key studies were: estimation of losses to the Dungeness crab fishery from dredge entrainment, estimating entrainment of coho salmon by dredges, effects of dredged material disposal on Dungeness crab and razor clams.
  • Puget Sound Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility Project Environmental Reinvestment (ENVVEST): In support of the Navy’s ENVVEST program, Ms. Kohn managed a series of studies to verify the extent of sediment contamination in the waterways near the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington. The objectives of the study were to determine whether and how much sediment metal concentrations had changed since cleanup and source control implementation, and to support large-scale contaminant transport model development.
  • SWDIV NAVFAC Sediment Work Group (SWG): Ms. Kohn was part of a team that provided technical support to the Navy for evaluating offshore sediments at a number of San Francisco Bay area facilities. The SWG was responsible for summarizing existing data, conducting ecological and human health risk assessments, and evaluating remedial alternatives for contaminated sediment. Ms. Kohn was involved in all aspects of the SWG work, but her primary responsibilities were as field manager for studies taking place at the Hunters Point Shipyard and Alameda Point facilities, and providing input to ecological risk assessments.
  • Pier 23 (Commencement Bay) Remedial Investigation: Ms. Kohn designed the sampling and analysis strategy for site characterization and baseline ecological risk assessment at this pier that is part of the Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Superfund site. The project involved field sampling of sediment, analytical chemistry, and bioassays in support of the site characterization and baseline ecological risk assessment.
  • Port of Oakland 50-ft Harbor Deepening Project: Ms. Kohn designed the sampling and analysis strategy for this large dredged material evaluation, was co-leader for field activities and sample preparation, and managed the analytical chemistry and bioassay tasks.
  • Remedial Investigation and Ecological Risk Assessment of the McCormick & Baxter Superfund Site, Stockton, CA: Ms. Kohn planned the sampling efforts for sediment and surface-water characterization and ecological risk assessment. She took over management of the project after 1 year, and was responsible for the final remedial investigation and ecological risk assessment reports.
  • United Heckathorn Remedial Investigation and Remedial Oversignt: Ms. Kohn was a major contributor to the sampling and analysis plan, and was responsible for the sediment sampling task. She also assisted with sample preparation and biological testing. Ms. Kohn later provided oversight for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency during the sediment remediation at the Heckathorn Superfund Site, Richmond, California, in 1996 -1997.
  • Dredged Material Evaluations for New England and Atlantic Region USACE Districts). Ms. Kohn served as Project Manager for acute toxicity and bioaccumulation testing and reporting for numerous projects for the US Army Corps of Engineers, New England and Charleston Districts. Testing was typically conducted to determine the suitability of dredged material for open-water disposal.
  • Ammonia Toxicity Research: Ms. Kohn conducted experiments to determine the sensitivity of four amphipod species to ammonia. This research was critical in development of protocols for dealing with ammonia in sediment toxicity tests.
  • New York/New Jersey Federal Projects, New York Reference Site Evaluation: Ms. Kohn has assisted with the laboratory and field efforts on several phases of these projects for the New York District of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. These projects involve chemical characterization and biological testing of dredged material from New York and New Jersey waterways as well as sediment from existing and proposed reference sites.
  • Sediment Evaluations of Navigational Channels and Port Berthing Facilities Throughout San Francisco Bay: Ms. Kohn managed a number of large projects for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco District and the Ports of Oakland and Richmond. Ms. Kohn was responsible for planning and leading field sampling efforts, coordinating field sampling with laboratory testing schedules, managing sediment sample preparation tasks and laboratory bioassays, and finally, data analysis and report writing.

Education and Credentials

  • B.S., Freshwater Studies, Western Washington University, 1988

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Awards and Recognitions

  • Outstanding Performance Award from PNNL Energy and Environment Directorate for services as deputy team lead for the NRC V.C. Summer Environmental Review
  • Outstanding Performance Award from PNNL Energy and Environment Directorate for contributions to developing a new reference management process for NRC New Reactor Licensing

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Coles GA, AC Dalton, KM Branch, R Prasad, NP Kohn, and AC Bittner. 2017. "Framework for Evaluating the Impact of Environmental Conditions on Manual Actions." In Advances in Human Factors in Energy: Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Electric Power Industries: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors in Energy: Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Electric Power Industries, July 27-31, 2016, Orlando, Florida, vol. 495, ed. SM Cetiner, P Fechtelkotter and M Legatt, pp. 157-169.  Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland.  doi:10.1007/978-3-319-41950-3_14

2008

  • Hibler LF, AR Maxwell, LM Miller, NP Kohn, DL Woodruff, M Montes, and MA Moline. 2008. "Improved fine-scale transport model performance using AUV and HSI feedback in a tidally dominated system." Journal of Geophysical Research. C. (Oceans) 113:Art. no. C08036.  doi:10.1029/2008JC004739

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Marine Sciences Laboratory
1529 W. Sequim Bay Road
Sequim, WA 98382
Phone: (360) 683-4151
Fax: (360) 681-3699