Marine Sciences Laboratory
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
1529 West Sequim Bay Road
Sequim, Washington 98382
As a research scientist, I work on both scientific and applied research using a variety of modeling tools. My current research at PNNL mainly focuses on the following areas: (1) studying watershed hydrology, hydrodynamic circulation/transport, and water quality processes (flushing time, hypoxia, HABs, nutrients, bacteria, toxics, larvae transport) through the combination of numerical modeling and field data analysis; (2) providing hydrologic and hydrodynamic modeling support to wetland restoration projects in the U.S. Pacific Northwest spanning from Columbia River to Puget Sound; (3) modeling storm surge/coastal inundation under extreme weather events and future climate change conditions; (4) characterizing marine renewable energy resources from tides and waves and assessing the environmental impact from energy harnessing; and (5) carbon and nutrient cycling along the land-ocean interfaces.
Education and Credentials
- M.S., Ph.D. 2005, 2009 Physical Oceanography, The College of William & Mary
- B.S., M.E. 1999, 2002 Environmental Science & Engineering, Nankai University, China
Affiliations and Professional Service
- American Geophysical Union
- Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation
- Xuan J, Z Yang, D Huang, T Wang, and F Zhou. 2016. "Tidal residual current and its role in the mean flow on the Changjiang Bank." Journal of Marine Systems 154(Part A):66-81. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.04.005
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2016. "NUMERICAL MODELS AS ENABLING TOOLS FOR TIDAL-STREAM ENERGY EXTRACTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT." In Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, June 18-24, 2016, Busan, South Korea, vol. 6, pp. V006T05A006, OMAE2016-54223. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, NEW YORK, NY. doi:10.1115/OMAE2016-54223
- Yang Z, S Taraphdar, T Wang, LY Leung, and ME Grear. 2016. "Uncertainty and feasibility of dynamical downscaling for modeling tropical cyclones for storm surge simulation." Natural Hazards 84(2):1161-1184. doi:10.1007/s11069-016-2482-y
- Wang T, and Z Yang. 2015. "Understanding the Flushing Capability of Bellingham Bay and Its Implication on Bottom Water Hypoxia." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 165:279-290. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2015.04.010
- Wang T, Z Yang, and AE Copping. 2015. "A Modeling Study of the Potential Water Quality Impacts from In-Stream Tidal Energy Extraction." Estuaries and Coasts 38(1 (Supplement)):173-186. doi:10.1007/s12237-013-9718-9
- Yang Z, T Wang, N Voisin, and AE Copping. 2015. "Estuarine Response to River Flow and Sea-Level Rise under Future Climate Change and Human Development." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 156:19-30. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2014.08.015
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2015. "Modeling the Effects of Tidal Energy Extraction on Estuarine Hydrodynamics in a Stratified Estuary ." Estuaries and Coasts 38(1 Supplement):187-202. doi:10.1007/s12237-013-9684-2
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2015. "Responses of Estuarine Circulation and Salinity to the Loss of Intertidal Flats - A Modeling Study." Continental Shelf Research 111(Part B):159-173. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2015.08.011
- Wang T, T Khangaonkar, W Long, and GA Gill. 2014. "Development of a Kelp-type Structure Module in a Coastal Ocean Model to Assess the Hydrodynamic Impact of Seawater Uranium Extraction Technology." Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 2(1):81-92. doi:10.3390/jmse2010081
- Yang Z, T Wang, and A Copping. 2014. "ARRAY OPTIMIZATION FOR TIDAL ENERGY EXTRACTION IN A TIDAL CHANNEL - A NUMERICAL MODELING ANALYSIS." In Proceedings of the 2nd Marine Energy Technology Symposium (METS2014), April 15-28, 2014, Seattle, Washington. Ocean Renewable Energy Coalition, Gaithersburg, MD.
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2014. "Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis to Support Nearshore Restoration Projects in a Changing Climate." Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 2(1):18-32. doi:10.3390/jmse2010018
- Yang Z, T Wang, A Copping, and SH Geerlofs. 2014. "Modeling In-stream Tidal Energy Extraction and Its Potential Environmental Impacts." In Proceedings of the 10th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference , vol. 2013, p. n/a. European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference , London, United Kingdom.
- Yang Z, T Wang, AE Copping, and SH Geerlofs. 2014. "Modeling of In-stream Tidal Energy Development and its Potential Effects in Tacoma Narrows, Washington, USA." Ocean and Coastal Management 99:52-62. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.02.010
- Copping AE, Z Yang, N Voisin, J Richey, T Wang, RY Taira, M Constans, MS Wigmosta, FB Van Cleve, and TK Tesfa. 2013. Integrated Modeling and Decision-Support System for Water Management in the Puget Sound Basin: Snow Caps to White Caps . PNNL-23078, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Khangaonkar T, and T Wang. 2013. "Potential alteration of fjordal circulation due to a large floating structure-Numerical investigation with application to Hood Canal basin in Puget Sound." Applied Ocean Research 39:146-157. doi:10.1016/j.apor.2012.11.003
- Yang Z, T Wang, and AE Copping. 2013. "Modeling Tidal Stream Energy Extraction and its Effects on Transport Processes in a Tidal Channel and Bay System Using a Three-dimensional Coastal Ocean Model." Renewable Energy 50:605-613. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.07.024
- Yang Z, T Wang, LYR Leung, KA Hibbard, AC Janetos, IP Kraucunas, JS Rice, B Preston, and T Wilbanks. 2013. "A modeling study of coastal inundation induced by storm surge, sea-level rise, and subsidence in the Gulf of Mexico." Natural Hazards 71(3):1771-1794. doi:10.1007/s11069-013-0974-6
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2013. "Tidal Residual Eddies and their Effect on Water Exchange in Puget Sound." Ocean Dynamics 63(8):995-1009. doi:10.1007/s10236-013-0635-z
- Wang T, and Z Yang. 2012. "A Modeling Study of Hydrodynamic Circulation in a Fjord of the Pacific Northwest." In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modeling, November 7-9, 2011, St. Augustine, Florida, pp. 256-273. American Society of Civil Engineering, Reston, VA.
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2012. "Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis of Tidal Wetland Restoration in Snohomish River, Washington." In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modeling, November 7-9, 2011, St Augustine, Florida, ed. ML Spaulding, pp. 139-155. American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA. doi:10.1061/9780784412411.00008
- Yang Z, T Wang, T Khangaonkar, and SA Breithaupt. 2012. "Integrated Modeling of Flood Flows and Tidal Hydrodynamics over a Coastal Floodplain ." Environmental Fluid Mechanics 12(1):63-80. doi:10.1007/s10652-011-9214-3
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2011. Assessment of Tidal Energy Removal Impacts on Physical Systems: Development of MHK Module and Analysis of Effects on Hydrodynamics. PNNL-20804, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Yang Z, T Khangaonkar, and T Wang. 2011. "Use of Advanced Meteorological Model Output for Coastal Ocean Modeling in Puget Sound ." International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems 2(2):101-117.
- Wang T, Z Yang, and T Khangaonkar. 2010. Development of a Hydrodynamic and Transport model of Bellingham Bay in Support of Nearshore Habitat Restoration . PNNL-19347, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Yang Z, and T Wang. 2010. Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis of Union Slough Restoration Project in Snohomish River, Washington. PNNL-20076, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Yang Z, T Khangaonkar, and T Wang. 2010. Assessment of Energy Removal Impacts on Physical Systems: Hydrodynamic Model Domain Expansion and Refinement, and Online Dissemination of Model Results. PNNL-19882, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Yang Z, T Khangaonkar, JM Chase, and T Wang. 2009. "Puget Sound Operational Forecast System - A Real-time Predictive Tool for Marine Resource Management and Emergency Responses." In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modeling, November 4-6, 2009, Seattle, WA, ed. ML Spaulding, pp. 356-372. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, VA. doi:10.1061/41121(388)22